Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one cause of death from non-communicable diseases in Qatar.

Mortality from CVD in 2011-2013 was 8.3 per 100,000 for Qatari males and 4.1 per 100,000 for non-Qatari males aged 20-44 years. After the age of 45, CVD mortality rose significantly to 247 per 100,000 among Qatari males. Cardiovascular deaths in Qatar are found to be high as in other high income countries.

The proportion of deaths due to CVD is comparable to the proportion of deaths in the UAE, where CVD accounts for 30% of all deaths. However, when hospital discharge rates for CVD in Qatar are compared against other OECD countries, Qatar has a rate that is four times higher (Figure 12).

Health Implications

Cardiovascular disease is the name given to a group of disorders that affect the arteries of the body, potentially leading to heart attack, stroke or angina. In addition to the high mortality rate from CVD, this condition puts enormous strain on healthcare resources as people with ongoing heart conditions require continual medical support. CVD significantly affects the quality of life for those who suffer from this condition, while also reducing their life expectancy.

Cardiovascular Disease Objectives

The majority of CVD cases are preventable. While risk factors such as family history, gender, age and race do have an influence, unhealthy lifestyle behaviors including tobacco use, poor diet, excess body fat and physical inactivity are the primary risk factors that contribute to the onset of CVD. With this in mind, the strategy’s Cardiovascular Disease Objectives aim to promote healthy behaviors to reduce these controllable risk factors as well as implement effective screening programs that identify people who are most at risk. majority of CVD cases are preventable. While risk factors such as family history, gender, age and race do have an influence, unhealthy lifestyle behaviors including tobacco use, poor diet, excess body fat and physical inactivity are the primary risk factors contributing to the onset of CVD. With this in mind, the strategy’s Cardiovascular Disease Objectives aim to promote healthy behaviors to reduce these controllable risk factors as well as implement effective screening programs to identify those people who are at most risk.

(Figure 12: Hospital Discharge Rate for Cardiovascular Diseases for Selected Countries)

Figure 12: Hospital Discharge Rate for Cardiovascular Diseases for Selected Countries

(Source: 2012 Steps Report)

Three or more risk factors for cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular Disease Objectives

  1. CVD1Reduce the prevalence and burden associated with cardiovascular disease through promotion of healthy behaviors including education programs at primary care centers
  2. CVD2Develop and implement screening guidelines for the early detection of the risk factors leading to cardiovascular diseases